December 2019

Rowan Schools now tobacco and vape free
 
Sen. Alvarado pre-files bill to combat teenage vaping "epidemic"
 
Kentucky lawmaker pre-files bill that would raise legal age to buy tobacco to 21
 
Gov. Beshear pulls plug on Matt Bevin's plan to overhaul Kentucky Medicaid, add work rules
 
4 bills prefiled by Kentucky lawmakers could help tackle teenage vape use in 2020
 
Rep. Kim Moser announces pre-filing of legislation for training for mental health, substance abuse crisis
 
New CDC Data: 6.2 Million Young People Using Tobacco; 85% Using E-Cigs
 
Kentucky lawmaker wants ban on flavored e-cigarettes
 
E-cig use among youth up 39% from last year; Fayette school board votes to sue makers
 
NKY Chamber of Commerce Government Forum focuses on concerns about vaping epidemic

November 2019

Health poll shows differences on drugs
 
Tobacco Use Reduction: Policy Wins In Kentucky
 
Schools receive tobacco-free signage
 
Kentucky Youth Advocates: Nearly one in five women in Kentucky smoked during pregnancy in 2018
 
Why a KY lawmaker thinks employers should be able to fire workers for smoking
 
Garren Colvin has been appointed as a member of the Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky Board of Directors
 
Boone Co. Schools Recognized For Going Tobacco-Free
 

Tobacco Use Reduction: Policy Wins In Kentucky

by Ben Chandler

Published in Health Affairs Blog, November 6, 2019

Throughout much of its 18-year history, the Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky has funded policy advocacy work through operating grants to organizations working in such areas as tobacco-use reduction, obesity prevention, and health care access. These grants have often complemented a larger proportion of the foundation’s grant funding for demonstration programs, research, and built environment projects.

In 2016, Healthy Kentucky began a transition to doing most of its own advocacy work and using grants to fund contracts with partners to support specific policy campaigns at both the local and state levels. Our tax status has always allowed us to lobby as long as we spend only a de minimus amount of our annual expenditures on contacting elected officials to discuss specific legislation.

Healthy Kentucky’s board of directors and I agreed that our work could improve opportunities for better health for more Kentuckians and at a lower cost per person by using our limited funding—about $2 million annually—to adopt evidence-based policies already shown to improve health.

In its first two lobbying forays into the Kentucky General Assembly, Healthy Kentucky has racked up two significant policy wins for Kentuckians’ health, although they were not without challenges. The work started with the 2017 launch of the Coalition for a Smoke-Free Tomorrow, which today comprises a cross-sector membership of more than 210 organizations including health care providers and payers, health advocacy groups, educational associations, large and small businesses, and the faith community. I chair the coalition, which is led by a steering committee of 20 representative organization officials. The coalition is staffed by two Healthy Kentucky employees, who spend about half of their time on this work.

36 Million Fewer Packs Of Cigarettes Sold
In its first campaign, the Coalition for a Smoke-Free Tomorrow advocated for a $1 per pack increase in Kentucky’s excise tax on cigarettes, a tall order in a state with a longstanding tobacco culture. Research shows that raising the price of tobacco products through tax increases is among the most effective measures to reduce use, particularly use by youth.

Healthy Kentucky started by providing grants to groups to conduct regional educational sessions around the state for legislators and civic leaders about the health benefits and expected revenues associated with that $1 per pack cigarette tax increase. We followed with a major media event in the state’s capitol located in Frankfort to launch the coalition and announce our single policy agenda item—the $1 increase. Thereafter, we used traditional policy advocacy, lobbying, and media relations tactics designed to educate legislators and win support. Foundation grants funded the training of youth advocates as well as two nonprofit organizations that conducted grassroots outreach and education.

Healthy Kentucky also raised more than $175,000 to pay for advertising and campaign materials. How did we do this? We met with the leaders of a variety of organizations that could benefit from a healthier workforce or client base and asked them to donate money to the foundation to be used specifically for the Coalition for a Smoke-Free Tomorrow’s work to reduce tobacco use in Kentucky.

Ultimately, the increase included in the tax bill was reduced to 50 cents per pack and, at the last minute, following strong lobbying by the tobacco industry—which outspent the coalition four to one—a provision to increase the tax on e-cigarettes and other tobacco products was eliminated. Disappointed, Healthy Kentucky decided that a partial increase was better than none and maintained its support for the bill. About a third of the coalition’s steering committee members opposed the bill. However, Healthy Kentucky and those groups that were still on board continued to urge final passage. The 50-cent increase passed in March 2018.

Key data now show that the increase likely has had a substantial impact on reducing smoking in Kentucky. During the first 12 months (see pages 38 and 39) that the tax was in effect, 36 million fewer packs of cigarettes were sold in Kentucky, a decline of 10.1 percent from fiscal year (FY) 2018 to FY 2019 (compared to a 3.5 percent decline the year before). Also, cigarette sales nationwide dropped only 6.1 percent during the 2019 FY.

Moreover, Healthy Kentucky’s annual Kentucky Health Issues Poll (2018), which is cofunded by Interact for Health, found that, of adult respondents who smoked, half of them changed their thinking or behavior in at least one of the following ways because of the tax increase. Thirty-nine percent smoked fewer cigarettes; 33 percent considered quitting; and 26 percent actually made the attempt to, or did, quit.

More Than Doubling Tobacco-Free Schools
In 2019 the coalition advocated for a bill to require all Kentucky K-12 public schools to adopt a policy that prohibits use of all tobacco products at all times on campus and in school-owned or -operated vehicles. Our bill sped through the Kentucky House Committee on Health and Family Services early in the legislative session with a unanimous vote, but then the bill stalled on the House floor for five weeks, thanks to opposition from a few Western Kentucky legislators. We had enough votes, but House leadership wouldn’t bring the bill to the floor without a change to it.

Ultimately, the bill sponsor agreed to add a three-year opt-out provision. This means that for the first three years, a school district would have the right to opt out. Again, Healthy Kentucky was disappointed but decided to continue backing the amended bill, although some coalition members chose not to support it. The bill became effective June 27, 2019, and it sets a July 1, 2020, deadline for districts to pass a tobacco-free policy unless they choose to opt out. (To date, only Union County’s school district has chosen to opt out.)

Before the bill became law, 42 percent of Kentucky school districts had voluntarily passed tobacco-free campus policies. Less than three months after the law became effective, 90 percent of school districts had passed the model policy, and most of the remaining districts are working toward adoption of it.

As an incentive for early adoption of the policy, Healthy Kentucky entered into a partnership with the Kentucky Medical Association (KMA) to provide tobacco-free signage at no cost to all Kentucky school districts that newly passed the model policy. We’re offering the free signage—which includes the Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky and KMA logos—on a first-come, first-served basis. We will offer any remaining supplies in January 2020 to districts that had gone tobacco-free voluntarily before the new law.

Healthy Kentucky is grateful to all of our legislative champions on these two bills—in particular, Rep. Kim Moser (R) and Sen. Ralph Alvarado (R).

Next Steps—Tackling Youth E-Cigarette Use
In 2020 the Coalition for a Smoke-Free Tomorrow will seek an excise tax on e-cigarettes, or “vapes,” that is equivalent to the current cigarette tax in Kentucky. Currently, e-cigs are the only tobacco product not subject to a state excise tax. Given the lung illness crisis, the youth e-cig epidemic, and the need for new revenues in Kentucky, we are planning our strategy with the hope of another Kentucky health policy win.

About the Author:
Named President and CEO of the Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky in 2016, Ben Chandler leads the Foundation he helped bring about. As Kentucky Attorney General, Ben won a $45 million settlement from one of Kentucky’s largest insurance companies; that funding was used to create the Foundation in 2001.
 
Ben practiced law with Brown, Todd & Heyburn, and later with Reeves & Graddy before beginning a career in public service. His state service included one term as Kentucky State Auditor (1992-1995), and two terms as Attorney General (1995-2003).
 
In February 2004, Ben was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, where he served Kentucky’s 6th Congressional District until the 112th Congress adjourned in January 2013. He was Executive Director of the Kentucky Humanities Council from 2013 to 2016.
 
An eighth-generation Woodford Countian, Ben earned a B.A. in history, graduating with distinction from the University of Kentucky, and a J.D. from the University of Kentucky College of Law. He studied at the University of London and Trinity College in Dublin, including an internship in the British Parliament.
 
Ben Chandler, Tobacco Use Reduction: Policy Wins in Kentucky, Health Affairs Blog, November 6, 2019, https://www.healthaffairs.org/do/10.1377/hblog20191104.902232/full/: Copyright ©2019 Health Affairs by Project HOPE – The People-to-People Health Foundation, Inc.

October 2019

Schuster wins top health policy advocacy award for more than 40 years of work in mental health field
 
Sellout crowd at first major Ky. forum on medical cannabis hears there's no scientific literature to back it, but research is sparse
 
91% of Kentucky school districts are smoke-free

September 2019

Mayor Fischer, health officials to address vaping-related illnesses
 
'Vaping is not safe': Louisville officials warn youth to quit e-cigarettes amid epidemic 
 
Well-Being Warriors 
 
An Office Space of One’s Own
 
Sheila Schuster, a longtime and leading advocate for mental health, is named the latest Healthy Kentucky Policy Champion
 
Student-driven project at Hazard High that advocated for tobacco-free policies is named a Healthy Kentucky Policy Champion
 
School health coalition to promote policies, programs and practices aimed at improving children’s health
 
Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky focusing on reducing youth vaping

July 2019

Developing students’ resiliency helps keep schools safer
https://www.amnews.com/2019/07/01/developing-students-resiliency-helps-keep-schools-safer/ 

May 2019

Nonprofit expanding resiliency program to rural Kentucky
 
Ky. ranks in top 10 for adverse childhood experiences; $200,000 grant will address child trauma in Lake Cumberland area
 
Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky to host Community Health Forum in Whitesburg on June 6
 
McConnell and Kaine unveil bill to raise tobacco age to 21

April 2019

McConnell proposes raising minimum age to buy tobacco to 21 nationwide
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/mcconnell-proposes-raising-minimum-age-to-buy-tobacco-to-21-nationwide/ 
 
Ad campaign targets teen vaping in Kentucky
 
JCPS to fight e-cigarette use among kids with anti-vaping campaign
 
Report offers Appalachian residents four strategies to decrease high obesity rate, aimed at deadly obesity-related diseases
 
Report offers five strategies to fight opioid epidemic in Appalachia; central part of region had high death rate from overdoses
 
Report offers Appalachian residents ways to decrease smoking rates; they are more likely to die from smoking-related diseases
 
Bevin signs into law ban on tobacco use in all public schools, events
 
Former Kentucky AG urges school districts to immediately enforce vaping ban

MARCH 2019

Chandler Medical Center surgeon Matthew Bush named Foundation for a Healthy Ky. Endowed Chair
 
Health Issues Poll: Kentucky Adults Still Divided on Needle Exchange Programs
 
Kentucky adults support syringe exchanges, 49% to 40%; among those who say they're familiar with them, it's 55% to 40%
 
County Health Rankings show a few big shifts, and at least one county where local action appears to have made a difference
 
Judge again blocks KY’s Medicaid plan with work requirements; Bevin administration eyes ‘next steps’
 
KY Lawmakers Balk at Making School Campuses Tobacco-Free
 
Bill to outlaw 'JUULing' in school passes committee but may be running out of time
 
Bill to ban smoking, vaping at schools awaits Senate vote
 
Kentucky Schools Will Soon Be Tobacco Free
 
Oldham County Schools becomes a tobacco-free district

FEBRUARY 2019

 
Sponsor of bill to ban tobacco use at all public schools and events files last-ditch amendment to give districts 3 years to opt out of it